Civil engineering deals with the design and construction of man-made structures. From simple road and house construction down to more complex skyscraper buildings and bridges, civil engineering service providers cater to any project that deals with building structures.
With diverse services, civil engineering has sub-disciplines to ensure expertise in a specific field. Here are some of the most notable civil engineering sub-disciplines.
Studying and understanding the physical elements of the location to determine the selection of the necessary materials for the construction is the main task of structural engineers. They also design plans that allow the structures to withstand the test of time including natural disasters.
As the title suggests, construction engineers serve as the manager of the construction site. They work hand-in-hand with structural engineers to ensure that they implement the main objective of the design, accordingly.
Environmental engineers help develop solutions to complex environmental problems that contribute to the degradation of the environment. Their area of expertise includes proper solid waste management and disposal, wastewater treatment and purification, and reduction of air and water pollution.
Water Resources Engineer
They are sometimes referred to as environmental engineers as water resources engineers also deal with proper disposal of wastewater and sewage.
However, their main task is to build, maintain and repair structures such as pumping stations and reservoirs, which will ensure the high quality of potable water resources.
Understanding the natural composition of soil and rock is the main job of geotechnical engineers. This is the reason why new projects require the expertise of this engineering sub-discipline.
As the name suggests, transportation engineers deal with the planning, designing and managing the construction of more transportation-related complex structures. Examples of these structures include railways, seaports and harbours, airstrips and airfields, and other related structures.
Other civil engineering sub-disciplines help carry out different and distinct functions. These fields include coastal engineering, earthquake engineering, forensic engineering, urban engineering and others.